Shael (Shaul) Efron also known as Samuel Loewenstein, b. 4/14/1823 or 4/15/1823, probably Amdur, d. 8/11/1897, Frankfurt, Germany, [Grossman – City Archives of Frankfurt; BIO011-SD; MISC019; CEM015-SD; RS077] married Sara (Sora) Sayet, b. abt. 1825 [BIO011-SD; RS077] or 10/5/1828 [Grossman], Vilna, d. 8/31/1901, Frankfurt, Germany [BIO011-SD; CEM016-SD]. In 1850 and 1858 his family is registered to the town of Amdur. The name can be spelled either Loewenstein or Löwenstein. In fact, the name is spelled both ways on the gravestones of Samuel and Sara
Acknowledgements: Nancy Grossman of Frankfort, Germany, professional researcher; Jonathan Lewis; Adi Katz
The family registration information from Frankfurt says that Shael was born in Bucharest, Romania on 14 April August, and died 11 August, 1897 in Frankfurt, and Rosa (nee Gabriel – sic.) was born in Iasi, Romania on 5 Oct 1828 and died in Frankfurt on 31 August 1901. [City Archives of Frankfurt]
According to Leizer Aharon’s book, her father was Gabriel Sayet, and her maternal grandfather was BenZion Yudel Berkowich. A well-known commentator, BenZion Yudel Berkowich was the author of many books. Gabriel Sayet was the son of Aharon, who was in turn the son of BenZion. [BIO011-SD].
An 1858 revision list record exists for the Sayet family. Her father Gabriel Sayet, of Vilna, was born in 1797, the son of Aharon. Gabriel also had children Yossel, b. abt. 1822, Shmuel, b. abt. 1828, and a daughter Rasa, b. abt. 1831. Yossel Sayet was married to Ester Rivka, daughter of Bentsel.Shmuel Sayet was married to Sora, daughter of Baruch. Yossel Sayet had children Eliash, b. 1851, Rochla, b. 1845, and Sora, b. abt. 1847. Shmuel has a son Zelman, b. abt. 1851. [RS072]
The Reviski Staski record for the Sayet family in Vilnius in 1858 shows Sora’s family but Sora is not listed because she is already married and living elsewhere. The Sayet family has not been traced to more current generations. One family member, Gershon Sayet, who in 1858 is identified as the son of Sora’s brother, Shaya Girsha ben Gabriel, is listed in the newspaper Hamelitz in 1899 as attending the Klozner-Zabludowski wedding.
The given name Saul is very prevalent in the Katzenellenbogen family because the progenitor of that prominent, rabbinic family was Saul Wahl of Katzenellenbogen, Germany, and the name was passed down through the generations. In the Effron family, the name Shaul (Shael or Saul) is very unusual. Presumably Shaul’s maternal grandfather or grandfather had the name Shaul. Ure Lippa used the hyphenated name “Efron-Katzenellenbogen” because his mother was from that prominent family.
Shael dealt in (or smuggled) gold, was imprisoned for that reason, escaped from jail, and moved to Frankfurt where he changed his name to Loewenstein and lived for more than 40 years with his wife. [MISC019; BIO011-SD; GARF003-SD3]. He was rich, and fanatically religious. He left a large inheritance to his sons Leizer and Moshe [MISC019].
From Amdur, Mayn Geboyrn Shtetl [MISC019]:
“An unusual event in Amdur happened during his lifetime. Reb Shael used to deal with gold in the time of Alexander II, a business forbidden to Jews. He was arrested and spent a long time in solitary confinement, in the Grodno Citadel. A guard was bribed, and Reb Shael’s body was exchanged with that of an executed prisoner. He was carted out of the fortress like a corpse. Then he escaped to the other side of the border. The story shook up the entire government, but without results.”
Another version of the story identifies Eliezer Bregman (also spelled Bregmann), business partner of Shael Efron, as instrumental in securing his release. Bregman is a well-known personage in 19th century Russian Poland, one of the most wealthy and powerful men of Grodno. He has connections to Amdur, and may have origins from there
In fact, Bregman may be related to Shael Efron. According to a Hebrew book authored by Baruch Eizenshtadt (that is, Baruch Benzion Mishkovsky), Eliezer Bregman was Shael’s cousin [MISC161]. This passage has also been translated to say that Bregman was Shael’s brother’s son.
Based on some elementary research on the web, Eliezer Bregman was the son of Moshe. He was born around 1823 or 1826, his wife’s name was Khasia Sara, and his son was Shabshel.
In November, 2008, Nancy Grossman, a researcher based in Frankfurt, Germany saw an inquiry I made on the JewishGen discussion group and volunteered to look into the family of Shael Efron in Frankfurt records. I later hired her for some limited research.
I had just learned that his assumed name in Frankfurt was Samuel Loewenstein. I first learned that his last name was Levinstein, based on the Czarist police record index entry for a “Shael Efron, alias Levinstein.” [GARF003-SD3 ] In www.Jewishdata.com records I found a gravestone for Samuel Loewenstein, died 1897. This is the date that Yedidia Effron gives for his death and is also what is written in the introduction to Leizer Aharon’s book. I compared the epitaph in Leizer Aharon’s book [BIO011-SD at page ו (page 11)] to the barely legible, ivy-covered epitaph on the gravestone [CEM015-SD] and they were a match!
The grave of Sara Löwenstein, also found in Frankfurt, likewise matches up with information known about her elsewhere. In this case, her father’s name is given as Gabriel, and her date of death matches what Aharon Leizer wrote about her.
Nancy Grossman found many pieces of information, but the family has not been traced to today.
According to the resident registration record for Shael’s residence in Frankfurt, he (and his family) were born in Bucharest. Also, it states that he had previously lived in Weisbaden for eight years before arriving in Frankfurt in April of 1880. (Nancy Grossman). This information, that he was born in Bucharest, and the other information there is almost certainly fictitious.
Samuel's naturalization record is dated 22 August, 1876. The resident registration record provides the record number and place it was issued, so if available, it should be easy to locate. Sara's naturalization record is dated 14 April, 1880 (nine days after the family moved to Frankfurt from Wiesbaden according to the residency record). Her record number is also listed. Because they have separate records, Sara may have come to Germany after Samuel was naturalized. It appears as though their son Haimann had his own record, probably because he was no longer a minor when his parents were naturalized. [N. Grossman, from City Registration for Frankfurt].
On 1 June, 1889 Sara left for Russia with her daughter Therese [Taube]. She didn’t return until eight years later, apparently upon notification of her husband’s death.
Below are the dates and addresses in Frankfurt where Samuel and his family lived:
5 April, 1880 the family registered at Bornheimer Landstr. 19, 3rd floor apartment (4th floor American style). The owner of the residence is not listed.
3 April, 1883 the family registered at Sandweg 98. The name of person they rented from is difficult to read, but can easily be checked. It may read STEINER.
1 April, 1886 the family registered at Wiegertstr. or Klingerstr. 8. The name of the street is difficult to read, but I can figure it out by consulting the 1887 city directory. The owner of the residence was STOESSEL.
27 June, 1889 (about 4 weeks after Sara and Therese left for Russia), Samuel registered at Baumweg 8. The reason I think Samuel owned the residence, is because the record shows the owner of the residence at Baumweg 8 was named LÖWENSTEIN.
20 September, 1897 (40 days after Samuel’s death), Sara and Haimann registered at the Baumweg 8 address. It appears the apartment or building was sold after Samuel died, because the owner is now listed as WEINREICH.
There is an entry prior to Samuel’s registration at Baumweg 8, also dated 27 June, 1889, that was crossed out. It shows the address Schoenstr. 29. I’m not sure if this is relevant.
There were some interesting mistakes about the countries Samuel and Sara were originally from (neither Russia nor Romania). I will get back to you later with this information.
> Leizer Aharon (Aron Leiser), b. 1844, Amdur, d. after 1907, married Tsinne Khoze , b. 1853[MISC019]. Tsinne was an Efron cousin, the daughter of Monye Khoze and Monyes’s wife, Tsipporah (Efron) Khoze (see page -). Tsipporah was Leizer Aharon’s aunt. According to the Reviskii Skasky, in 1858 he is “Leyzer-Arel” and lives with his family in Amdur. [RS077]
He wrote HaMisha Alphen (“Five Alephs”), a book of commentaries with an extensive biographical introduction. A translation of portions of the introduction to his book is at BIO011. He studied at the Volozhin Yeshiva and knew Russian, Polish and German. He was very advanced in his understanding of Talmud and Hebrew. [BIO011-SD; VOT036]
In the book’s introduction, dated 1902, Aharon Leizer writes:
“I was born in Amdur, the son of Shaul Efron, who was the son of Chaim Chaikel, deceased. Chaim Chaikel was just, handsome and from a good family; his glowing countenance reflected his good character. His life revolved around the Shulcan Aruch [an important religious text]. He went on a merchant ship to Konigsburg with farming goods he bought from the Russian nobles. In 1831 was the Polish/Moravia Five Year War…in 1863, a high level minister escorted Chaim Chaikel, in a friendly way [in trade], because Chaim Chaikel was looked upon favorably.”
The introduction continues, with further biographical information (summary):
Chaim Chaikel’s wife was Leah and she lived to almost 100 years, an extraordinary woman in her charity. She fed hundreds at her table and supported poor scholars. She was from the Katzenellenbogen family, a descendant of Saul Wahl Katzenellenbogen, the famous Polish “King for a Day.” The story of Saul Wahl is told.
Aharon Eliezer’s mother, Sara, was born in Vilna. Her father was Gabriel Sayet, son-in-law of BenZion Yuda Berkowich. Gabriel’s father was Aaron, son of Ben-Zion Sayet. She was clearly identified as a descendant of the great Katzenellenbogen family, but from a different branch than her husband.
Aharon Eliezer attended the Volozhin Yeshiva and learned from …. Dov Ber… etc. The story of Shael’s jailing, ransom and escape is recounted. Aharon Eliezer and his father went to Hamburg. After six months they returned to Russia for Aharon Eliezer to marry a woman chosen by his father. His wife was Tzina, daughter of Shael’s sister. Aharon and Tzina had three boys and three girls. Shael went from Hamburg to Frankfurt am Main. The social and intellectual life of Frankfurt is discussed. Shael’s home in Frankfurt was a salon of the highest caliber, with guests who were wealthy and intellectuals, especially Russian immigrants. According to Aharon Eliezer, Shael was a great merchant, and if he had decided to become a rabbi he would have become a great rabbi.
Tsinne was the daughter of Shmuel, in Amdur. Four years after their marriage, Shael’s mother died, and her wealth went to Aharon Eliezer. The inheritance included land that Chaim Cheikel had given to Leah by Ketubah. [It is very unusual for a dowry to include land]. Aharon Eliezer worked the land. He had laborers, livestock, and oversaw the farming. This was all at the time of Empress Katherine II. Aharon Eliezer also became the Chazon (cantor) of Amdur. [Sam Effron’s autobiography, Part I, describes the estate owned by Eliezer, who he calls Elieser Shael. According to Sam Effron, Leizer Aharon received part of the estate from his father-in-law, Shmuel Choze (“Close”) for a dowry, and they had a child Sam Effron’s age (born about 1875). ]
Shael died (abt. 1887). News came by wire from Aharon Eliezer’s brother, a doctor of jurisprudence. The biography recounts Shael’s final days, and includes messages from well-wishers, remembering Shae. Shael’s epitaph is reproduced.
After Shael’s death, Aharon Eliezer went to Frankfurt for shiva and to take care of business matters. He lived there for five years. Upon his return, his mother, Sarah, died and he needed to return to Frankfurt.
Aharon Eliezer had seven children who died, all boys. It is unclear from the text if this includes the six children mentioned previously. His youngest sister, Peshe, died young. She had only one daughter, and no sons. Then his brother-in-law, brother of his wife, died at the age of 22. All of this happened in 1892. He then returned to Amdur, collected himself, and “set off with the wind.”
When he was a student in Volozhin. He went to the nearby shtetl Krieve to visit his cousin for Pesach. She was the daughter of Aryeh Leib Efron of Bialystok. There, he went to the “bet Merkhatz” (Turkish bath); he was then 26 years old. He was not too healthy due to a recurring illness that happened to him sometimes.
(Translation/abstract by Chana Furman, Israel, of “Sefer Chameshah Alphin” (The Book of Five Alephs), by Aharon Eliezer Efron, son of the late Shael Shmuel of Amdur (1914, Berlin). Chana translated and I wrote, at the 2006 genealogy conference in NYC. The above is partly in summary, partly in translation, and large portions are not included. The introduction to his book is dated 1902.)
According to J. Lewis, who also translated portions of this book, it says that Aharon Eliezer had seven children (bonim ktanim=small children). He writes that he was married to Tzina who bore him 6 children - 3 boys and 3 girls. In parenthesis he writes that they should be blessed with long life. Later in the paragraph where he writes that five years after his father died, his mother died. He continues and says that death was not merciful and it took seven children who died in infancy and then subsequently his younger sister Pesha died. One interpretation is that seven children died in infancy but six survived - otherwise why bless them with long life?
When he was a student studying in the Volozhin Yeshiva he traveled to Kereva to visit a relative "the famous, wealthy, and learned G-d fearing R' Arye Leib Efron of Bialystock".(J. Lewis)
"And I went, on the eve of Pesach, to the local bathhouse and after I returned to my relative's house from the bathhouse I fell into bed because I contracted a high fever which reached 42 degrees (Celsius). The doctor who came there from Ashmina, Vilna Province was unable to find a cure for my illness. However after two weeks from the day I became ill the fever was lifted from me by the help of G-d and I was able to stand on my feet. I was then 16 years old."
(translated by J. Lewis)
Note: Krevo is 13 miles from Volozhin. The 1858 revision list for Krevo is on JewishGen in the All Lithuania database. I searched for wives whose father’s name was Leib. There was a Sora bat Leiba, b. 1834, married to Girsh Borukh Abramson, b. 1833 (notes are unclear, but appears that his parents are Nechuman and Elka). There was also a Tauba bat Leiba, b. abt. 1832, married to a Chaim Elia b’ Movsha KAPELEVICH, b. abt. 1832.
> > Daughter, b. approx. 1864. She was the oldest daughter. She married the grandson of Shmuel Yosef Finn in Vilna, according to Yedidia Effron. [MISC019]. Her name is unknown.
Samuel Joseph Finn (or Fin or Fuenn), 1820-1890, was the publisher of the Yiddish periodical HaKarmel (Ha-Carmel) and the first history of the Jews of Vilna, Kiriah Neemanah (Vilna, 1860) (Brandeis U. library DS135.R93 V 53 1915a). [According to Dr. Freedman, Kiriah Neemana has a biography of Finn, but it has not been checked.] It is not known if this daughter’s husband had the surname Finn because his Finn ancestry could be through his mother. Yosef Shmuel (Joseph Samuel) had a son Benjamin Isaac, born about 1847 [Revision list cite], who was a doctor [Jewishgen Lit Sig newspaper references] and contributed texts to a fledgling hospital in Palestine. There was also a daughter, Rivka, born about 1843 [revision list site]. Yosef Shmuel also had a step daughter, in 1858, Masa, who was also born in about 1843 [Revision list cite]. A book about Jewish family law (search google books re: Benjamin Finn or Fuenn) states that Benjamin Finn was unmarried and did not want his sister to inherit his wealth because she had turned to Catholicism. Interestingly, in the Revision list found for Samuel Josef Finn, it says that his son was baptized into Christianity.
From an 1858 census list in Vilna, Samuel Yosef Finn, son of Isaac, was excluded because he was an “Education Officer.” In 1850 he was 32 years old (born around 1818). He is shown with a daughter, Rivka, 15 (born about 1843) and a son Benjamin Isaac, 11 (born about 1847). An annotation for Benjamin says that in 1862 he “left” (the city?) and was “baptized into Christianity.” Perhaps the annotation is for Rivka, which would much better match up with the other information we know about her. Step-daughter Masa also lives there. Perhaps the grandchild who married into the Efron family came through this step-daughter or another step-child who was not part of the Finn household in 1858. [RS073]
The Jewish Encyclopedia’s article on Benjamin Finn identifies him as a Russian physician; son of Samuel Fuenn; b. 1848, Vilna; d. Vilna 8/12/1901. Educated at the rabbinical seminary of Vilna and then studied medicine and graduated with an M.D. from the U. of St. Petersburg. He settled in Vilna and devoted his professional skill to the healing of the poor. He wrote numerous papers in scientific journals. [BIO0124]
“Fuenn was very active in interesting the Jews in agriculture, and for three years was a trustee of a society for the assistance of the Jewish colonists in Palestine and Syria. In 1898 he was one of the three elders elected to administer the affairs of the Jewish community of Wilna. He left the greater part of his fortune to charitable institutions and for the furtherance of Jewish colonization in Palestine.” [BIO014]
According to an article in The Maccabbean about The Jewish Medical Society in Jaffa:
“The Jewish Medical Society in Jaffa was established in January, 1912, and contains eighteen members, namely, ten doctors and a chemist in Jaffa, five doctors in the colonies of Rishon-le -Zion, Rechoboth, Petach-Tikvah, Chederah, and Zichron-Jacob, and two doctors in Tiberias. As there are only forty Jewish doctors altogether in Palestine the new society contains a very good proportion. The society has already acquired the nucleus of a medical library in the form of the collection of medical books that belonged to Dr. Finn of Vilna, and proposes to make statistical inquiries into the health conditions of the school children of Palestine. It has also appointed a commission to study the question of tuberculosis in Palestine.” [MISC048]
> > Berel. He studied in Vilna and became a dentist for the military [MISC019]. According to Sam Effron’s genealogy [GEN029-SD], Berel had died approximately the early 1950s, which Sam Effron learned about when Sam visited Argentina around that time.
> > 2 sons, names unknown
> > 2 daughters, names unknown
> Theresa (Taube) Weinreich, b. abt. 1853 [RS077] or 7/15/1856 [City Archives of Frankfurt via N. Grossman], married 1891 in Bialystok to Fishel (Fishel Meyer?) Weinreich [MAR016]. According to the marriage record, his father’s name is Ber. After Shael and Sara died, the owner of the house in Frankfurt was “Weinreich”– presumably Theresa and Fishel. According to the City Family Registration for her, she was born 7/15/1856 in Bucharest. [N. Grossman research]
In 1900, Therese Weinreich lived at 8 Baumweg Street, the same address as her parents. In 1910, she is also listed there, and is identified as a widow. She is not listed in the 1920 city directory. [N. Grossman research]
On 27 July, 1889, about 4 weeks after his wife and daughter left for Russia and about two weeks after his son moved to Burgel, it appears Samuel bought the residence at Baumweg 8 and moved in. [N. Grossman - City Registration for Frankfurt].
The three children below are based on the fact that they were born as the daughters of “Fishel Weinreich” but there is no confirmation that there wasn’t another Fishel Weinreich in Bialystok. Weinreich is not too common a name in Bialystok.
> > Malka, b. 1891, Bialystok [JRI-Poland]
> > Gittel, b. 1892, Bialystok [JRI-Poland]
> > Chasia, b. 1899, Bialystok [JRI-Poland]
The marriage record index entry on JRI-Poland identifies him as “Fishel Meyer,” but other records suggest that his name was solely Fishel, and that his father’s name was Meyer. A review of other Bialystock WEINREICH vital records from the JRI-P database shows individuals whose father is Meyer Ber Weinreich, suggesting that Taube’s husband was named Fishel, and his father’s name was Meier Ber Weinreich. For example, there is a record for a Michael Weinreich, son of Meyer Ber Weinreich of Bialystok – he could be a brother of Fishel.
In the 1897 census for Grodno, on JewishGen, there are two properties owned by “Fishel Veinrakh”. On the first lives the Rubinstein family. In the second lives Meier Veinrakh, (son of Yankel), age 63, and his daughter, Ginda (Hinda), age 29. They were both born and registered in Bialystok. Possibly, the Weinreich family tree is as follows:
> Meyer Ber
> > Fishel
> > Hinda
A “Fischel Weinrach” of Grodno travelled from Hamburg on the SS Columbia in August, 1902. The ship was destined for New York via Liverpool. No record was found for his at New York on the Columbia, nor any other ship for that matter. This suggests that he may have gone only as far as England. This Fischel Weinrach was 36 years old – a tad young to be the husband of Taube, but not out of the question.
As of mid-2012, this branch of the Efron Family History is still too incomplete, despite many efforts to locate any portion of the family that survived WW II, or immigrated sometime earlier. Many attempts over the course of several years, some with promise, have come up short.
> Hermann “Haimann” (Chaim), b. 1/3/1855 [N. Grossman research; RS077], d. 1/1/1914, Frankfurt [N. Grossman – City Archives of Frankfurt; Jewishdata CEM--] According to the Reviskii Skasky, in 1858 he is listed with his family in Amdur but is then “absent.”. [RS077] His registration in the city archives of Frankfurt says he was born in Budapest, Romania.
It is not known if he was married or not. Haimann lived for a period of time in Burgel, which is close to Frankfurt.
On 15 July, 1889, about six weeks after Sara and Therese left Frankfurt for Russia, Haimann moved to Burgel am Main (since 1908 a part of Offenbach am Main, a city that borders Frankfurt am Main). (N. Grossman)
The resident registration record for Haimann includes a naturalization record number which ends with IV / 97. If this stands for “April, 1897”, it could mean that Haimann applied for and was granted German citizenship at around the same time, possibly in anticipation of his fathers’ death. A naturalization record can be acquired. (N. Grossman).
On 20 September, 1897, just 40 days after Samuel died, both Sara and Haimann registered at the Baumweg 8 address. Haimann moved back to Frankfurt from Burgel to live with his mother after his father died. Sara remained in Frankfurt for the rest of her life. It is known that Aharon Leizer came to Frankfurt to help settle affairs after Samuel died, so possibly he accompanied his mother when she returned in 1897. (N. Grossman)
Evidently, the family sold the residence at Baumweg 8 after Samuel died, but before Sara and Haimann moved in. Sara continued to live at the Baumweg 8 address until she died, four years later. Haimann also remained at that address until he died on 1 Jan. 1914 (New Year’s Day). The family may have sold the residence in 1897 on the condition they could stay and keep renting from the new owner. (N. Grossman) This appears to be the case because the new owner is named Weinreich.
The Frankfurt registration record does not mention that Haimann was a widow, or that he ever had a wife and children. Records from Burgel/Offenbach, a probate record, or Haimann’s naturalization record should be checked to confirm this. (N. Grossman)
The references in Amdur, Mayn Geboyrn Shtetl, do not refer to Chaim as part of this family. However, Hermann Loewenstein, found by Nancy Grossman in Frankfurt records, is apparently the same person as the Chaim who is listed in the Revision List and his gravestone has been identified on www.Jewishdata.com .
> Chaya Peshe, b. abt. 1856 [RS077], d. abt. 1892, married Unknown, d. 1892, age 22. The information from Aharon Eliezer’s book is (as translated) inconsistent with RS077, and needs to be re-examined. According to Aharon Eliezer’s book, his sister Peshe died young, leaving only one daughter, and Peshe’s husband died at age 22 in 1892. [BIO011-SDThis would suggest that she was born (if about the same age as her husband) around 1870. This does not make sense because other records indicate that she was born in 1856.
> Moshe, b. 1/16/1864, married in Frankfurt, Germany on 10/6/1899 to Rosa Reinheimer, b. 6/27/1867, Gross Zimmern, Germany (N. Grossman research), d. 10/17/1947 in Moenchengladbach, Germany. He was a county judge. [Doctor of Jurisprudence?] [Amdur book]; also described as a Junior Judge (Court Assessor) [Grossman]. After Curt was born, the family moved to Kirchen an der Sieg, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany. Previously, he had lived in Wiesbaden and then Heidelburg (and perhaps was at the university there).
According to the City Archives of Frankfurt, he was born 1/16/1864, in Bucharest. Rosa was born in Gross Zimmern, Germany on 27 June, 1867. On 6 October, 1899, Moses got married to Rosa REINHEIMER in Frankfurt. (N. Grossman – City Archives of Frankfurt) On 22 October, 1899, the couple moved to Maulbeerstr. 6 and rented from a family named ETZEL. Moses was a Junior Judge (Court Assessor).
It is possible that the date and place of death for Moses is recorded in the margin of their marriage record.
There is no reference to a naturalization record for Moses in the records examined by N. Grossman. He may have been automatically granted citizenship under his mother or fathers’ record because he was still a minor, or his naturalization is noted on a record in Heidelberg or another location.
While living in Frankfurt, Moses and Rosa LÖWENSTEIN had two children:
- Elsa Friederike Laura, born 7 September 1900
- Curt Theodor, born 28 November 1901
On 1 May 1903 Moses left Frankfurt and moved to Kirchen an der Sieg (located in the German State of “Rheinland-Pfalz”). His wife and children followed him there two months later, on 1 July, 1903.
Right after the family moved to Frankfurt in 1880, Moses went back to Wiesbaden (or he never really left Wiesbaden). He was only 16 years old, so he may have been attending school there. The resident registration records from Wiesbaden can be consulted for more information. Moses moved back to Frankfurt on 25 March, 1884, but he stayed for only six days. On 31 March, 1884 he moved to a town that is not legible on the record. I need to study it further, and will advise you later. He was gone for five months. On 20 August, 1884, he returned to Frankfurt. Two months later, on 14 October, 1884, he moved to Heidelberg. He may have attended the University there. [N. Grossman, from City Registration for Frankfurt].
On 12 March, 1897, thirteen years after leaving Frankfurt and just months before his father died, Moses moved back to Frankfurt. His address was Bergerstr. 51, just 4-5 blocks away from his father at Baumweg 8. It is not clear whether Moses had been living in Heidelberg the entire time. Heidelberg’s resident registration records would provide more information on this. [N. Grossman, from City Registration for Frankfurt]
I found through an internet search a website that included a book written about a village in the city of Moenchengladbach, Germany. In Uber die Hardt, by Michael Korner, is a story about a woman and her two daughters who were hidden in an orphanage during WW II. Rosa Löwenstein and her two daughters, Elsa and Irene! Included in the chapter “Versteckt in Hardt” (Hidden in Hardt) is a photo from the local residents’ registration book, which says that in the 1950s the two daughters were living in Köln (Cologne). [MISC162-SD].
Interestingly, in 1946, as Köln was re-establishing its Jewish community, a Fritz Loewenstein was voted in as one of the Jewish Community's 12 representatives. [N. Grossman research] Maybe he is somehow connected to the family.
Efforts to find out what happened to them in Köln have included the help of a local professor, but nothing new has been learned.
According to the registration book from Moenchengladbach, and the article in the book described above, after she was hidden during WW II, she then went to Köln, in 1953.
Elsa may be the Elsa Lebenstein who married an Adler and died in the Lodz Ghetto in the Holocaust [YAD--]. HOWEVER, it seems that Elsa (Lebenstein) Adler, from the Yad Vashem records, and Elsa Löwenstein, from Nancy Grossman’s Frankfurt research, are not the same person. In a similar fashion, Aenne is also listed as dying in the Lodz ghetto. In that case, though, Aenne’s Yad Vashem record shows her mother’s full name – including maiden name. But maybe Elsa (and maybe Irene) didn’t die in the ghetto. This is quite different from the entry in the register of Moenchengladbach which says that Aenne was in Köln in the 1950s, according to the story in Uber die Hardt [MISC162-SD], as discussed above. The Yad Vashem record for Elsa is based on an entry in the German Gedenkbuch says that her maiden name was Lebenstein and that she was born in 1901 and had lived in Frankfurt, which all match up with information that Researcher Grossman found for Elsa in Frankfurt records.
The Yad Vashem records that say that Elsa and Irene died in the Holocaust in the Lodz Ghetto cannot be substantiated. The information was submitted by a “researcher,” not by a family member. [verify]
> > Kurt Theodor, b. 11/28/1901, Frankfurt [N. Grossman research], d. 8/11/1929, Germany [cem--]. His gravestone is available at JewishData.com under the name Kurt Loewenstein: “Hier Ruht/Kurt Loewenstein/Unser Unvergesslicher/Sohn und bruder/Dahingegangen in der/Blute Seiner Jahre/Geb. 28.11.1901/Gest. 11.8.1929.” His birth date taken from Frankfurt records matches up with the birth date on the gravestone. It is not known if he was married or if he had any children.
> > Aenne (Irene, Marrianne?), b. 5 June 1904, an der Siege, Germany [MISC162-SD] She supposedly died about 1942 in Lodz, in the Holocaust. [Yad Vashem], but that is completely contrary to the story in Uber die Hardt [MISC162-SD], as discussed above. According to the registration book from Moenchengladbach, and the article in the book described above, after she was hidden during WW II she went to Köln in 1952.
> Zlata, b. 2/11/1861, Vilna. She was listed in the Revision Statski for this family. [RS077]